ElasticSearch-8.X的JAVA-API

lijunyi2022-08-08中间件ElasticSearch

前述

  • 8.x版本中,ES出了一个新的Elasticsearch Java API Client点击查看open in new window,如果你要在Springboot高版本中使用,可以直接使用该API。

  • ES7.X版本的JAVA-API请查看🔎

  • 以下示例,首先需要将elasticsearch.yml中的有关ssl的配置全部改为false,本地测试就不搞HTTPS那么麻烦了

  • 示例代码已经上传到giteeopen in new window

项目配置

依赖引入

<dependency>
    <groupId>co.elastic.clients</groupId>
    <artifactId>elasticsearch-java</artifactId>
    <version>8.3.3</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
    <version>2.13.3</version>
</dependency>
<!--It may happen that after setting up the dependencies, your application fails with ClassNotFoundException: jakarta.json.spi.JsonProvider.-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>jakarta.json</groupId>
    <artifactId>jakarta.json-api</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.1</version>
</dependency>

注意:elasticsearch 的两个依赖要和 elasticsearch 服务器版本一致。

客户端对象

@Test
void ElasticsearchClientBuild() throws IOException {
    // Create the low-level client
    RestClient restClient = RestClient.builder(
            new HttpHost("127.0.0.1", 9200)).build();

    // Create the transport with a Jackson mapper
    ElasticsearchTransport transport = new RestClientTransport(
            restClient, new JacksonJsonpMapper());

    // And create the API client
    ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient  = new ElasticsearchClient(transport);
    System.out.println("elasticsearchClient = " + elasticsearchClient);
    restClient.close();
}

结果输出

elasticsearchClient = co.elastic.clients.elasticsearch.ElasticsearchClient@6e4f263e

配置获取客户端对象

  • yml配置
elasticsearch:
  host: 127.0.0.1
  port: 9200
  http: http
  • 配置 ElasticClient
/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: ElasticClient
 * @description: 配置获取ES客户端对象
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 9:58
 */
@Component
public class ElasticClient {
    @Value("${elasticsearch.host}")
    private String host;
    @Value("${elasticsearch.port}")
    private Integer port;

    @Value("${elasticsearch.http}")
    private String http;

    /**
     * 获取elasticsearch客户端
     *
     * @return {@link ElasticsearchClient}
     */
    @Bean
    public ElasticsearchClient getElasticsearchClient() {
        RestClient restClient = RestClient.builder(
                new HttpHost(host, port,http)).build();
        ElasticsearchTransport transport = new RestClientTransport(
                restClient, new JacksonJsonpMapper());
        return new ElasticsearchClient(transport);
    }
}

索引操作

创建索引

@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class IndexTest 
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 创建索引
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void createIndex() throws IOException {
        CreateIndexResponse response = elasticsearchClient.indices().create(c -> c.index("products"));
        //响应状态
        boolean acknowledged = response.acknowledged();
        boolean shardsAcknowledged = response.shardsAcknowledged();
        String index = response.index();
        log.info("创建索引状态:{}",acknowledged);
        log.info("已确认的分片:{}",shardsAcknowledged);
        log.info("索引名称:{}",index);
    }
}

结果

[main] c.e.e.ElasticsearchApplicationTests      : elasticsearchClient:co.elastic.clients.elasticsearch.ElasticsearchClient@6f911326
[main] c.e.e.ElasticsearchApplicationTests      : 创建索引状态:true
[main] c.e.e.ElasticsearchApplicationTests      : 已确认的分片:true
[main] c.e.e.ElasticsearchApplicationTests      : 索引名称:products

查看索引

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: IndexTest
 * @description: 索引测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 10:03
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class IndexTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 获取索引
     */
    @Test
    void getIndex() throws IOException
    {
        // 查看指定索引
        GetIndexResponse getIndexResponse = elasticsearchClient.indices().get(s -> s.index("products"));
        Map<String, IndexState> result = getIndexResponse.result();
        result.forEach((k, v) -> log.info("key = {},value = {}",k ,v));

        // 查看全部索引
        IndicesResponse indicesResponse = elasticsearchClient.cat().indices();
        // 返回对象具体查看 co.elastic.clients.elasticsearch.cat.indices.IndicesRecord
        indicesResponse.valueBody().forEach(
                info -> log.info("health:{}\n status:{} \n uuid:{} \n ",info.health(),info.status(),info.uuid())
        );   
    }
}

结果

key = products,
value = IndexState: 
{
    "aliases":{

    },
    "mappings":{

    },
    "settings":{
        "index":{
            "number_of_shards":"1",
            "number_of_replicas":"1",
            "routing":{
                "allocation":{
                    "include":{
                        "_tier_preference":"data_content"
                    }
                }
            },
            "provided_name":"products",
            "creation_date":"1659923692276",
            "uuid":"WN0uQLLvQ1SdFsWE2bhlgw",
            "version":{
                "created":"8030399"
            }
        }
    }
}

删除索引

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: IndexTest
 * @description: 索引测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 10:03
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class IndexTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 删除索引
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void deleteIndex() throws IOException {
        DeleteIndexResponse deleteIndexResponse = elasticsearchClient.indices().delete(s -> s.index("products"));
        log.info("删除索引操作结果:{}",deleteIndexResponse.acknowledged());
    }
}

结果

[main] com.example.elasticsearch.IndexTest      : 删除索引操作结果:true

总结

关于索引的请求,用到 elasticsearchClient.indices().xxx(s -> s.index("索引名")) ,其中 xxx 代表增删查

文章操作

新增实体类:User

public class User
{
    private String id;
    private String name;

    private Integer age;

    private String sex;

    public String getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(String id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Integer getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(Integer age) {
        this.age = age;
    }

    public String getSex() {
        return sex;
    }

    public void setSex(String sex) {
        this.sex = sex;
    }

    public User()
    {

    }

    public User(String id, String name, Integer age, String sex) {
        this.id = id;
        this.name = name;
        this.age = age;
        this.sex = sex;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "User{" +
                "id='" + id + '\'' +
                ", name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", age=" + age +
                ", sex='" + sex + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}

新增文档

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: DocTest
 * @description: 文档操作测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 10:19
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class DocTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 添加一个文档
     * @see: https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/client/java-api-client/8.3/indexing.html#indexing
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void addOneDocument () throws IOException
    {
        // 1、using the fluent DSL
        User user = new User("1","王五",28,"男");
        IndexResponse indexResponse = elasticsearchClient.index(s ->
                // 索引
                s.index("users")
                        // ID
                        .id(user.getId())
                        // 文档
                        .document(user)
        );
        log.info("result:{}",indexResponse.result().jsonValue());


        // 2、You can also assign objects created with the DSL to variables. Java API Client classes have a static of() method for this, that creates an object with the DSL syntax.
        IndexRequest<User> request = IndexRequest.of(i -> i
                .index("users")
                .id(user.getId())
                .document(user));
        IndexResponse response = elasticsearchClient.index(request);
        log.info("Indexed with version " + response.version());

        
        // 3、Using classic builders
        IndexRequest.Builder<User> indexReqBuilder = new IndexRequest.Builder<>();
        indexReqBuilder.index("users");
        indexReqBuilder.id(user.getId());
        indexReqBuilder.document(user);
        IndexResponse responseTwo = elasticsearchClient.index(indexReqBuilder.build());
        log.info("Indexed with version " + responseTwo.version());
    }
}

结果

[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : user.id:e051445c-ae8c-47ef-ab18-97b34025d49a
[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : result:created

查询文档

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: DocTest
 * @description: 文档操作测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 10:19
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class DocTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 获取文档
     * https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/client/java-api-client/8.3/reading.html#reading
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void getDocument () throws IOException
    {
        // co.elastic.clients.elasticsearch.core.get.GetResult<TDocument>
        GetResponse<User> getResponse = elasticsearchClient.get(s -> s.index("users").id("e051445c-ae8c-47ef-ab18-97b34025d49a"),User.class);
        log.info("getResponse:{}",getResponse.source());

        // Reading a domain object
        if (getResponse.found())
        {
            User user = getResponse.source();
            assert user != null;
            log.info("user name={}",user.getName());
        }

        // Reading raw JSON
        // if (getResponse.found())
        // {
        //    ObjectNode json = getResponse.source();
        //    String name = json.get("name").asText();
        //    log.info("Product name " + name);
        // }

        // 判断文档是否存在
        BooleanResponse booleanResponse = elasticsearchClient.exists(s -> s.index("users").id("e051445c-ae8c-47ef-ab18-97b34025d49a"));
        log.info("判断Document是否存在:{}",booleanResponse.value());
    }
}

结果

getResponse:User{id='e051445c-ae8c-47ef-ab18-97b34025d49a', name='王五', age=28, sex='男'}

更新文档

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: DocTest
 * @description: 文档操作测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 10:19
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class DocTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 更新文档
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void updateDocument () throws IOException
    {
        // 构建需要修改的内容,这里使用了Map
        Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<>();
        map.put("name", "liuyife");
        // 构建修改文档的请求
        UpdateResponse<Test> response = elasticsearchClient.update(e -> e
                .index("users")
                .id("33")
                .doc(map),
                Test.class
        );
        // 打印请求结果
        log.info(String.valueOf(response.result()));
    }
}

结果

[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : Updated

删除文档

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: DocTest
 * @description: 文档操作测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 10:19
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class DocTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 删除文档
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void deleteDocument () throws IOException
    {
        DeleteResponse deleteResponse = elasticsearchClient.delete(s -> s.index("users").id("e051445c-ae8c-47ef-ab18-97b34025d49a"));
        log.info("删除文档操作结果:{}",deleteResponse.result());
    }
}

结果

[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest: 删除文档操作结果:Deleted

批量新增

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: DocTest
 * @description: 文档操作测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 10:19
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class DocTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 批量添加文档
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void batchAddDocument () throws IOException
    {
        // 1、use BulkOperation
        List<User> users = new ArrayList<>();
        users.add(new User("1","赵四",20,"男"));
        users.add(new User("2","阿旺",25,"男"));
        users.add(new User("3","刘菲",22,"女"));
        users.add(new User("4","冬梅",20,"女"));

        List<BulkOperation> bulkOperations = new ArrayList<>();
        users.forEach(u ->
                        bulkOperations.add(BulkOperation.of(b ->
                                b.index(
                                        c ->
                                                c.id(u.getId()).document(u)
                                )))
                );
        BulkResponse bulkResponse = elasticsearchClient.bulk(s -> s.index("users").operations(bulkOperations));
        bulkResponse.items().forEach(i ->
               log.info("i = {}" , i.result()));
        log.error("bulkResponse.errors() = {}" , bulkResponse.errors());

        // 2、use BulkRequest
        BulkRequest.Builder br = new BulkRequest.Builder();
        for (User user : users) {
            br.operations(op -> op
                    .index(idx -> idx
                            .index("users")
                            .id(user.getId())
                            .document(user)));
        }
        BulkResponse result = elasticsearchClient.bulk(br.build());
        // Log errors, if any
        if (result.errors()) {
            log.error("Bulk had errors");
            for (BulkResponseItem item: result.items()) {
                if (item.error() != null) {
                    log.error(item.error().reason());
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

结果

[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : i = created
[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : i = created
[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : i = created
[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : i = created
[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : bulkResponse.errors() = false

批量删除

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: DocTest
 * @description: 文档操作测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 10:19
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class DocTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 批量删除文档
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void batchDeleteDocument () throws IOException
    {
        // 1、use BulkOperation
        List<String> list = new ArrayList<>();
        list.add("1");
        list.add("2");
        list.add("3");
        list.add("4");
        List<BulkOperation> bulkOperations = new ArrayList<>();
        list.forEach(a ->
                bulkOperations.add(BulkOperation.of(b ->
                        b.delete(c -> c.id(a))
                ))
        );
        BulkResponse bulkResponse = elasticsearchClient.bulk(a -> a.index("users").operations(bulkOperations));
        bulkResponse.items().forEach(a ->
                log.info("result = {}" , a.result()));
        log.error("bulkResponse.errors() = {}" , bulkResponse.errors());

        // 2、use BulkRequest
        BulkRequest.Builder br = new BulkRequest.Builder();
        for (String s : list) {
            br.operations(op -> op
                    .delete(c -> c.id(s)));
        }
        BulkResponse bulkResponseTwo = elasticsearchClient.bulk(br.build());
        bulkResponseTwo.items().forEach(a ->
                log.info("result = {}" , a.result()));
        log.error("bulkResponse.errors() = {}" , bulkResponseTwo.errors());
    }
}

结果

[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : result = deleted
[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : result = deleted
[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : result = deleted
[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : result = deleted
[main] com.example.elasticsearch.DocTest        : bulkResponse.errors() = false

高级查询

查询准备

  • 通过批量添加文档准备几条数据先
/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class SearchTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 批量添加准备数据
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void batchAddDocument () throws IOException
    {
        List<User> users = new ArrayList<>();
        users.add(new User("11","zhaosi",20,"男"));
        users.add(new User("22","awang",25,"男"));
        users.add(new User("33","liuyifei",22,"女"));
        users.add(new User("44","dongmei",20,"女"));
        users.add(new User("55","zhangya",30,"女"));
        users.add(new User("66","liuyihu",32,"男"));

        BulkRequest.Builder br = new BulkRequest.Builder();
        for (User user : users) {
            br.operations(op -> op
                    .index(idx -> idx
                            .index("users")
                            .id(user.getId())
                            .document(user)));
        }
        BulkResponse result = elasticsearchClient.bulk(br.build());
        // Log errors, if any
        if (result.errors()) {
            log.error("Bulk had errors");
            for (BulkResponseItem item: result.items()) {
                if (item.error() != null) {
                    log.error(item.error().reason());
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

简单的搜索查询

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class SearchTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 条件查询方式1
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void searchOne() throws IOException {
        String searchText = "liuyihu";
        SearchResponse<User> response = elasticsearchClient.search(s -> s
                // 我们要搜索的索引的名称
                .index("users")
                // 搜索请求的查询部分(搜索请求也可以有其他组件,如聚合)
                .query(q -> q
                        // 在众多可用的查询变体中选择一个。我们在这里选择匹配查询(全文搜索)
                        .match(t -> t
                                // name配置匹配查询:我们在字段中搜索一个词
                                .field("name")
                                .query(searchText)
                        )
                ),
                // 匹配文档的目标类
                User.class
        );
        TotalHits total = response.hits().total();
        boolean isExactResult = total.relation() == TotalHitsRelation.Eq;

        if (isExactResult) {
            log.info("There are " + total.value() + " results");
        } else {
            log.info("There are more than " + total.value() + " results");
        }

        List<Hit<User>> hits = response.hits().hits();
        for (Hit<User> hit: hits) {
            User user = hit.source();
            assert user != null;
            log.info("Found userId " + user.getId() + ", name " + user.getName());
        }
    }
}

嵌套搜索查询

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class SearchTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 嵌套搜索查询
     */
    @Test
    void searchTwo() throws IOException {
        String searchText = "liuyihu";
        int maxAge = 30;
        // byName、byMaxAge:分别为各个条件创建查询
        Query byName = MatchQuery.of(m -> m
                .field("name")
                .query(searchText)
        )
                //MatchQuery是一个查询变体,我们必须将其转换为 Query 联合类型
                ._toQuery();
        Query byMaxAge = RangeQuery.of(m -> m
                .field("age")
                // Elasticsearch 范围查询接受大范围的值类型。我们在这里创建最高价格的 JSON 表示。
                .gte(JsonData.of(maxAge))
        )._toQuery();
        SearchResponse<User> response = elasticsearchClient.search(s -> s
                        .index("users")
                        .query(q -> q
                                .bool(b -> b
                                        // 搜索查询是结合了文本搜索和最高价格查询的布尔查询
                                        .must(byName)
                                        // .should(byMaxAge)
                                        .must(byMaxAge)
                                )
                        ),
                User.class
        );
        List<Hit<User>> hits = response.hits().hits();
        for (Hit<User> hit: hits) {
            User user = hit.source();
            assert user != null;
            log.info("Found userId " + user.getId() + ", name " + user.getName());
        }
    }
}

模板化搜索

  • 模板化搜索是存储的搜索,可以使用不同的变量运行它。搜索模板让您无需修改应用程序代码即可更改搜索。
  • 在运行模板搜索之前,首先必须创建模板。这是一个返回搜索请求正文的存储脚本,通常定义为 Mustache 模板
/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class SearchTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 模板化搜索
     * 模板化搜索是存储的搜索,可以使用不同的变量运行它。搜索模板让您无需修改应用程序代码即可更改搜索。
     * 在运行模板搜索之前,首先必须创建模板。这是一个返回搜索请求正文的存储脚本,通常定义为 Mustache 模板
     */
    @Test
    void templatedSearch() throws IOException {
        // 事先创建搜索模板
        elasticsearchClient.putScript(r -> r
                // 要创建的模板脚本的标识符
                .id("query-script")
                .script(s -> s
                        .lang("mustache")
                        .source("{\"query\":{\"match\":{\"{{field}}\":\"{{value}}\"}}}")
                ));
        // 开始使用模板搜索
        String field = "name";
        String value = "liuyifei";
        SearchTemplateResponse<User> response = elasticsearchClient.searchTemplate(r -> r
                        .index("users")
                        // 要使用的模板脚本的标识符
                        .id("query-script")
                        // 模板参数值
                        .params("field", JsonData.of(field))
                        .params("value", JsonData.of(value)),
                User.class
        );

        List<Hit<User>> hits = response.hits().hits();
        for (Hit<User> hit: hits) {
            User user = hit.source();
            assert user != null;
            log.info("Found userId " + user.getId() + ", name " + user.getName());
        }
    }
}

分页&排序查询

  • 根据条件搜索的分页&排序
/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class SearchTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 分页+排序条件搜索
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void paginationSearch() throws IOException
    {
        int maxAge = 20;
        Query byMaxAge = RangeQuery.of(m -> m
                .field("age")
                .gte(JsonData.of(maxAge))
        )._toQuery();
        SearchResponse<User> response = elasticsearchClient.search(s -> s
                        .index("users")
                        .query(q -> q
                                .bool(b -> b
                                        .must(byMaxAge)
                                )
                        )
                        //分页查询,从第0页开始查询4个document
                        .from(0)
                        .size(4)
                         //按age降序排序
                        .sort(f -> f.field(o -> o.field("age")
                                .order(SortOrder.Desc))),
                User.class
        );
        List<Hit<User>> hits = response.hits().hits();
        for (Hit<User> hit: hits) {
            User user = hit.source();
            assert user != null;
            log.info("Found userId " + user.getId() + ", name " + user.getName());
        }
    }
}

结果

[
    {
        "id":"66",
        "name":"liuyihu",
        "age":32,
        "sex":"男"
    },
    {
        "id":"55",
        "name":"zhangya",
        "age":30,
        "sex":"女"
    },
    {
        "id":"c49fa7a2-f8dc-45a4-8ea8-340f10a6162e",
        "name":"zhangSan",
        "age":28,
        "sex":"男"
    },
    {
        "id":"1",
        "name":"王五",
        "age":28,
        "sex":"男"
    }
]
  • 查询所有并进行分页&排序
/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class SearchTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 分页+排序条件搜索
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void paginationSearch() throws IOException
    {
        int maxAge = 20;
        Query byMaxAge = RangeQuery.of(m -> m
                .field("age")
                .gte(JsonData.of(maxAge))
        )._toQuery();
        SearchResponse<User> response = elasticsearchClient.search(s -> s
                        .index("users")
                        .query(q -> q
                                .matchAll( m -> m)
                        )
                        .from(0)
                        .size(6)
                        .sort(f -> f.field(o -> o.field("age")
                                .order(SortOrder.Desc))),
                User.class
        );
        List<Hit<User>> hits = response.hits().hits();
        for (Hit<User> hit: hits) {
            User user = hit.source();
            assert user != null;
            log.info("Found userId " + user.getId() + ", name " + user.getName());
        }
    }
}

结果

[
    {
        "id":"66",
        "name":"liuyihu",
        "age":32,
        "sex":"男"
    },
    {
        "id":"55",
        "name":"zhangya",
        "age":30,
        "sex":"女"
    },
    {
        "id":"c49fa7a2-f8dc-45a4-8ea8-340f10a6162e",
        "name":"zhangSan",
        "age":28,
        "sex":"男"
    },
    {
        "id":"1",
        "name":"王五",
        "age":28,
        "sex":"男"
    },
    {
        "id":"22",
        "name":"awang",
        "age":25,
        "sex":"男"
    },
    {
        "id":"33",
        "name":"liuyifei",
        "age":22,
        "sex":"女"
    },
    {
        "id":"11",
        "name":"zhaosi",
        "age":20,
        "sex":"男"
    },
    {
        "id":"44",
        "name":"dongmei",
        "age":20,
        "sex":"女"
    }
]

过滤字段

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class SearchTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 过滤字段
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void filterFieldSearch() throws IOException
    {
        SearchResponse<User> response = elasticsearchClient.search(s -> s
                        .index("users")
                        .query(q -> q
                                .matchAll( m -> m)
                        )
                        .sort(f -> f
                                .field(o -> o
                                        .field("age")
                                        .order(SortOrder.Desc)
                                )
                        )
                        .source(source -> source
                                .filter(f -> f
                                        .includes("name","id")
                                        .excludes(""))),
                User.class
        );
        List<Hit<User>> hits = response.hits().hits();
        List<User> userList = new ArrayList<>(hits.size());
        for (Hit<User> hit: hits) {
            User user = hit.source();
            userList.add(user);
        }
        log.info("过滤字段后:{}",JSONUtil.toJsonStr(userList));
    }
}

结果

[
    {
        "id":"66",
        "name":"liuyihu"
    },
    {
        "id":"55",
        "name":"zhangya"
    },
    {
        "id":"c49fa7a2-f8dc-45a4-8ea8-340f10a6162e",
        "name":"zhangSan"
    },
    {
        "id":"1",
        "name":"王五"
    },
    {
        "id":"22",
        "name":"awang"
    },
    {
        "id":"33",
        "name":"liuyifei"
    },
    {
        "id":"11",
        "name":"zhaosi"
    },
    {
        "id":"44",
        "name":"dongmei"
    }
]

模糊查询

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class SearchTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 模糊查询
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void fuzzyQuerySearch() throws IOException
    {
        SearchResponse<User> response = elasticsearchClient.search(s -> s
                        .index("users")
                        .query(q -> q
                                // 模糊查询
                                .fuzzy(f -> f
                                        // 需要判断的字段名称
                                        .field("name")
                                        // 需要模糊查询的关键词
                                        // 目前文档中没有liuyi这个用户名
                                        .value("liuyi")
                                        // fuzziness代表可以与关键词有误差的字数,可选值为0、1、2这三项
                                        .fuzziness("2")
                                )
                        )
                        .source(source -> source
                                .filter(f -> f
                                        .includes("name","id")
                                        .excludes(""))),
                User.class
        );
        List<Hit<User>> hits = response.hits().hits();
        List<User> userList = new ArrayList<>(hits.size());
        for (Hit<User> hit: hits) {
            User user = hit.source();
            userList.add(user);
        }
        log.info("过滤字段后:{}",JSONUtil.toJsonStr(userList));
    }
}

结果

[
    {
        "id":"66",
        "name":"liuyihu"
    }
]

高亮查询

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class SearchTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 高亮查询
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void highlightQueryQuery() throws IOException
    {
        SearchResponse<User> response = elasticsearchClient.search(s -> s
                        .index("users")
                        .query(q -> q
                                .term(t -> t
                                        .field("name")
                                        .value("zhaosi"))
                        )
                        .highlight(h -> h
                                .fields("name", f -> f
                                        .preTags("<font color='red'>")
                                        .postTags("</font>")))
                        .source(source -> source
                                .filter(f -> f
                                        .includes("name","id")
                                        .excludes(""))),
                User.class
        );
        List<Hit<User>> hits = response.hits().hits();
        List<User> userList = new ArrayList<>(hits.size());
        for (Hit<User> hit: hits) {
            User user = hit.source();
            userList.add(user);
            for(Map.Entry<String, List<String>> entry : hit.highlight().entrySet())
            {
                System.out.println("Key = " + entry.getKey());
                entry.getValue().forEach(System.out::println);
            }
        }
        log.info("模糊查询结果:{}",JSONUtil.toJsonStr(userList));
    }
}

结果

Key = name
<font color='red'>zhaosi</font>

聚合查询

最大值

/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 聚合查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class PartyTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 获取最大年龄用户
     */
    @Test
    void getMaxAgeUserTest() throws IOException {
        SearchResponse<Void> response = elasticsearchClient.search(b -> b
                        .index("users")
                        .size(0)
                        .aggregations("maxAge", a -> a
                                .max(MaxAggregation.of(s -> s
                                        .field("age"))
                                )
                        ),
                Void.class
        );
        MaxAggregate maxAge = response.aggregations()
                .get("maxAge")
                .max();
        log.info("maxAge.value:{}",maxAge.value());
    }
}

分组统计

  • LongTermsAggregate类型
/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 聚合查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class PartyTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 年龄分组
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void groupingTest() throws IOException {
        SearchResponse<Void> response = elasticsearchClient.search(b -> b
                        .index("users")
                        .size(0)
                        .aggregations("groupName", a -> a
                                .terms(TermsAggregation.of(s -> s
                                        .field("age")))
                        ),
                Void.class
        );
        LongTermsAggregate longTermsAggregate = response.aggregations()
                .get("groupName")
                .lterms();
        log.info("multiTermsAggregate:{}",longTermsAggregate.buckets());
    }
}

结果

[
    {
        "doc_count":2,
        "key":20
    },
    {
        "doc_count":2,
        "key":28
    },
    {
        "doc_count":1,
        "key":22
    },
    {
        "doc_count":1,
        "key":25
    },
    {
        "doc_count":1,
        "key":30
    },
    {
        "doc_count":1,
        "key":32
    }
]
  • StringTermsAggregate类型
/**
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @className: SearchTest
 * @description: 聚合查询测试
 * @author: LiJunYi
 * @create: 2022/8/8 11:04
 */
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class PartyTest
{
    @Autowired
    private ElasticsearchClient elasticsearchClient;

    /**
     * 性别分组
     *
     * @throws IOException ioexception
     */
    @Test
    void groupBySexTest() throws IOException {
        SearchResponse<Void> response = elasticsearchClient.search(b -> b
                        .index("users")
                        .size(0)
                        .aggregations("groupSex", a -> a
                                .terms(TermsAggregation.of(s -> s
                        // ⚠️特别注意这一块,我们加上了.keyword,下面会说明
                                    .field("sex.keyword"))) 
                        ),
                Void.class
        );
        StringTermsAggregate stringTermsAggregate = response.aggregations()
                .get("groupSex")
                .sterms();
        log.info("stringTermsAggregate:{}",stringTermsAggregate.buckets());
    }
}

结果

[
    {
        "doc_count":5,
        "key":"男"
    },
    {
        "doc_count":3,
        "key":"女"
    }
]

问题

  • 性别分组代码中,有一块地方我们要注意下。我们根据性别分组,按理来说,field直接写sex就行,但是我们发现,如果不加.keyword,运行测试用例会报错,错误如下:
ElasticSearch

原因分析:

这个错误的原因是因为我的分组聚合查询的字符串sex类型是text类型。当使用到 term 查询的时候,由于是精准匹配,所以查询的关键字在es上的类型,必须是keyword而不能是text。所以想要分组查询,指定根据分组字段的keyword属性就可以了。

Last Updated 6/14/2024, 3:05:31 AM