SpringBoot整合Redis

lijunyi2022-07-25Redis缓存框架

依赖引入

<!-- 阿里JSON解析器 -->
<dependency>
	<groupId>com.alibaba.fastjson2</groupId>
	<artifactId>fastjson2</artifactId>
</dependency>

<!-- redis 缓存操作 -->
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
</dependency>

<!-- pool 对象池 -->
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
	<artifactId>commons-pool2</artifactId>
</dependency>

yaml配置

# Spring配置
spring:
  # redis 配置
  redis:
    # 地址
    host: 127.0.0.1
    # 端口,默认为6379
    port: 6379
    # 数据库索引
    database: 0
    # 密码
    password: 
    # 连接超时时间
    timeout: 10s
    lettuce:
      pool:
        # 连接池中的最小空闲连接
        min-idle: 0
        # 连接池中的最大空闲连接
        max-idle: 8
        # 连接池的最大数据库连接数
        max-active: 8
        # #连接池最大阻塞等待时间(使用负值表示没有限制)
        max-wait: -1ms

使用FastJson序列化

参考 :Fastjson2 官方提供的open in new window

/**
 * Redis使用FastJson序列化
 * 
 */
public class FastJson2JsonRedisSerializer<T> implements RedisSerializer<T>
{
    public static final Charset DEFAULT_CHARSET = StandardCharsets.UTF_8;

    private Class<T> clazz;

    public FastJson2JsonRedisSerializer(Class<T> clazz)
    {
        super();
        this.clazz = clazz;
    }

    @Override
    public byte[] serialize(T t) throws SerializationException
    {
        if (t == null)
        {
            return new byte[0];
        }
        return JSON.toJSONString(t, JSONWriter.Feature.WriteClassName).getBytes(DEFAULT_CHARSET);
    }

    @Override
    public T deserialize(byte[] bytes) throws SerializationException
    {
        if (bytes == null || bytes.length <= 0)
        {
            return null;
        }
        String str = new String(bytes, DEFAULT_CHARSET);

        return JSON.parseObject(str, clazz, JSONReader.Feature.SupportAutoType);
    }
}

RedisConfig

/**
 * redis配置
 * 
 */
@Configuration
@EnableCaching
public class RedisConfig extends CachingConfigurerSupport
{
    @Bean
    @SuppressWarnings(value = { "unchecked", "rawtypes" })
    public RedisTemplate<Object, Object> redisTemplate(RedisConnectionFactory connectionFactory)
    {
        RedisTemplate<Object, Object> template = new RedisTemplate<>();
        template.setConnectionFactory(connectionFactory);

        FastJson2JsonRedisSerializer serializer = new FastJson2JsonRedisSerializer(Object.class);

        // 使用StringRedisSerializer来序列化和反序列化redis的key值
        template.setKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
        template.setValueSerializer(serializer);

        // Hash的key也采用StringRedisSerializer的序列化方式
        template.setHashKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
        template.setHashValueSerializer(serializer);

        template.afterPropertiesSet();
        return template;
    }
}

Redis工具类

/**
 * spring redis 工具类
 *
 **/
@SuppressWarnings(value = { "unchecked", "rawtypes" })
@Component
public class RedisCache
{
    @Autowired
    public RedisTemplate redisTemplate;

    /**
     * 缓存基本的对象,Integer、String、实体类等
     *
     * @param key 缓存的键值
     * @param value 缓存的值
     */
    public <T> void setCacheObject(final String key, final T value)
    {
        redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(key, value);
    }

    /**
     * 缓存基本的对象,Integer、String、实体类等
     *
     * @param key 缓存的键值
     * @param value 缓存的值
     * @param timeout 时间
     * @param timeUnit 时间颗粒度
     */
    public <T> void setCacheObject(final String key, final T value, final Integer timeout, final TimeUnit timeUnit)
    {
        redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(key, value, timeout, timeUnit);
    }

    /**
     * 设置有效时间
     *
     * @param key Redis键
     * @param timeout 超时时间
     * @return true=设置成功;false=设置失败
     */
    public boolean expire(final String key, final long timeout)
    {
        return expire(key, timeout, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    }

    /**
     * 设置有效时间
     *
     * @param key Redis键
     * @param timeout 超时时间
     * @param unit 时间单位
     * @return true=设置成功;false=设置失败
     */
    public boolean expire(final String key, final long timeout, final TimeUnit unit)
    {
        return redisTemplate.expire(key, timeout, unit);
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的基本对象。
     *
     * @param key 缓存键值
     * @return 缓存键值对应的数据
     */
    public <T> T getCacheObject(final String key)
    {
        ValueOperations<String, T> operation = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
        return operation.get(key);
    }

    /**
     * 删除单个对象
     *
     * @param key
     */
    public boolean deleteObject(final String key)
    {
        return redisTemplate.delete(key);
    }

    /**
     * 删除集合对象
     *
     * @param collection 多个对象
     * @return
     */
    public long deleteObject(final Collection collection)
    {
        return redisTemplate.delete(collection);
    }

    /**
     * 缓存List数据
     *
     * @param key 缓存的键值
     * @param dataList 待缓存的List数据
     * @return 缓存的对象
     */
    public <T> long setCacheList(final String key, final List<T> dataList)
    {
        Long count = redisTemplate.opsForList().rightPushAll(key, dataList);
        return count == null ? 0 : count;
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的list对象
     *
     * @param key 缓存的键值
     * @return 缓存键值对应的数据
     */
    public <T> List<T> getCacheList(final String key)
    {
        return redisTemplate.opsForList().range(key, 0, -1);
    }

    /**
     * 缓存Set
     *
     * @param key 缓存键值
     * @param dataSet 缓存的数据
     * @return 缓存数据的对象
     */
    public <T> BoundSetOperations<String, T> setCacheSet(final String key, final Set<T> dataSet)
    {
        BoundSetOperations<String, T> setOperation = redisTemplate.boundSetOps(key);
        Iterator<T> it = dataSet.iterator();
        while (it.hasNext())
        {
            setOperation.add(it.next());
        }
        return setOperation;
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的set
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public <T> Set<T> getCacheSet(final String key)
    {
        return redisTemplate.opsForSet().members(key);
    }

    /**
     * 缓存Map
     *
     * @param key
     * @param dataMap
     */
    public <T> void setCacheMap(final String key, final Map<String, T> dataMap)
    {
        if (dataMap != null) {
            redisTemplate.opsForHash().putAll(key, dataMap);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的Map
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public <T> Map<String, T> getCacheMap(final String key)
    {
        return redisTemplate.opsForHash().entries(key);
    }

    /**
     * 往Hash中存入数据
     *
     * @param key Redis键
     * @param hKey Hash键
     * @param value
     */
    public <T> void setCacheMapValue(final String key, final String hKey, final T value)
    {
        redisTemplate.opsForHash().put(key, hKey, value);
    }

    /**
     * 获取Hash中的数据
     *
     * @param key Redis键
     * @param hKey Hash键
     * @return Hash中的对象
     */
    public <T> T getCacheMapValue(final String key, final String hKey)
    {
        HashOperations<String, String, T> opsForHash = redisTemplate.opsForHash();
        return opsForHash.get(key, hKey);
    }

    /**
     * 删除Hash中的数据
     * 
     * @param key
     * @param hKey
     */
    public void delCacheMapValue(final String key, final String hKey)
    {
        HashOperations hashOperations = redisTemplate.opsForHash();
        hashOperations.delete(key, hKey);
    }

    /**
     * 获取多个Hash中的数据
     *
     * @param key Redis键
     * @param hKeys Hash键集合
     * @return Hash对象集合
     */
    public <T> List<T> getMultiCacheMapValue(final String key, final Collection<Object> hKeys)
    {
        return redisTemplate.opsForHash().multiGet(key, hKeys);
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的基本对象列表
     *
     * @param pattern 字符串前缀
     * @return 对象列表
     */
    public Collection<String> keys(final String pattern)
    {
        return redisTemplate.keys(pattern);
    }
}

配置哨兵集群及读写分离

修改yaml

spring:
  redis:
    sentinel:
      master: mymaster
      nodes:
        - 127.0.0.1:7001
        - 127.0.0.1:7002
        - 127.0.0.1:7003
logging:
  pattern:
    console: '%date{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} | %highlight(%5level) [%green(%16.16thread)] %clr(%-50.50logger{49}){cyan} %4line -| %highlight(%msg%n)'
  level:
    root: info

修改RedisConfig

/**
 * 读写分离:RedisConfig添加lettuceConnectionFactory配置
 * 
 */
@Configuration
@EnableCaching
public class RedisConfig extends CachingConfigurerSupport
{
    @Bean
    public RedisConnectionFactory lettuceConnectionFactory(RedisProperties redisProperties) {
        RedisSentinelConfiguration redisSentinelConfiguration = new RedisSentinelConfiguration(
            redisProperties.getSentinel().getMaster(), new HashSet<>(redisProperties.getSentinel().getNodes())
        );

        LettucePoolingClientConfiguration lettuceClientConfiguration = LettucePoolingClientConfiguration.builder()
            // 读写分离,若主节点能抗住读写并发,则不需要设置,全都走主节点即可
            .readFrom(ReadFrom.ANY_REPLICA)
            .build();
        return new LettuceConnectionFactory(redisSentinelConfiguration, lettuceClientConfiguration);
    }

}
ReadFrom读取方式
MASTER / UPSTREAM仅读取主节点
MASTER_PREFERRED / UPSTREAM_PREFERRED优先读取主节点,如果主节点不可用,则读取从节点
REPLICA/ SLAVE(已废弃)仅读取从节点
REPLICA_PREFERRED / SLAVE_PREFERRED(已废弃)优先读取从节点,如果从节点不可用,则读取主节点
NEAREST从最近节点读取
ANY从任何节点读取
ANY_REPLICA从任意一个从节点读取
Last Updated 6/14/2024, 3:05:31 AM